The park is Uganda’s smallest savannah national wildlife park with area coverage of 370km2 with attractive rolling hills, forest galleries, rich acacia woodlands, seasonal and permanent wetlands and open grassy valleys that support the health of wildlife. Lake Mburo is the only park in Uganda where you find the Impala and Eland antelopes and it has a rich birdlife with more than 315 different bird species and 68 different mammals.
Initially in 1933, Lake Mburo National Park was gazetted as a controlled hunting area before it was gazeted as a reserve in 1963. The Banyankole, Bahima residents around the area continued to graze their cattle in the reserve until in 1983 during the Obote government when the reserve was upgraded to a national park to weaken the Banyankole who did not support the anti-Obote rebels. This is because during the operation Bonanza massacre of 300,000 people, the evicted pastoralists were not compensated for the lost graze lands or assisted with resettlement, many remained hostile to the upgrade. In 1985, the second Obote regime fell and the previous residents re-occupied the park’s land expelling park staff, destroying infrastructure and killing wildlife. Later in 1986, the land was re-gazeted as a national park by the National Resistance Movement.
Wildlife viewing is the major activity in the park and this can be done in different ways that is through horseback safaris and the host common is game driving. The most commonly seen game include; the Impala, buffalo, Leopards, Bushbucks, Topis, Uganda Kobs, Zebras, Oribi and Duikers. Hippos and Crocodiles also are permanent residents of the lake Mburo, taking a boat ride along the lake is also much rewarding. The park is famous for its nature trails that can be explored on nature walks especially to the nearby salt lick and in Rubanga forest while on bird watching experience. The elusive African fin foots is normally sported here.
Location and accessibility
Lake Mburo is located in the south western part of Uganda in the district of Kiruhura conveniently close to the western highway that connects to western Uganda, approximately 260km2 from Kampala. The park can be accessed from Kampala via Masaka-Mbarara road taking about 3 to 4 hours drive on road.